Insecure livelihood in Ethiopia: How Ethiopians in Rural Areas are unsecured

Ethiopia is one of the many countries in Africa severely affected by insecure livelihood. It is estimated that there are more than 3 million people in the country who do not have secure sources of income. This means that, in a particular year roughly 1 out of 10 Ethiopians faces difficulty in accessing safe, nutritious, and sufficient food for themselves and their families.

One of the major factors contributing to whether or not the Ethiopians will have enough food to feed their families is the harsh climatic conditions experienced in most parts of the country. Ethiopia also being a landlocked country detached from the sea by Somalia, Djibouti, and Eritrea, holds a population of over 96 million, most of them relying on rain-fed agriculture such as livestock and crops to sustain their basic needs for survival, including food and income. With the unpredictable weather patterns in the country, most people, including the government, are continuously looking for ways to build resilience and help millions of families gain easier access to food and stable sources of income. They are searching for ways to survive unpredictable emergencies such as the hunger crisis that happened in 2011, impacting Ethiopia as well as several other countries in the region.