One Health – Ethiopia

At One Health – Ethiopia (OHE), through partnerships within different disciplines, we are implementing the concept of One Health, in the approach of coordinated health management for humans, animals, and the environment in Ethiopia.

Mission of One Health – Ethiopia

The mission of OHE is the establishment of closer professional interactions, collaborations, and promotion of research activities across the veterinary, medical and environmental health professions in order to improve public health.

Objectives of One Health – Ethiopia

1. To establish & strengthen One Health Clubs in higher learning institutions.
2. To influence the incorporation of One Health in the national agenda for improving the health of animals, human and the environment.
3. To create national awareness within the broad scientific community, the general public and government institutions.
4. To promote research activities on zoonotic diseases.
5. To promote collaboration among the diverse One Health professions.

Why One Health in Ethiopia?

One Health is directed toward gaining the trust of populations whose livelihood depends on the health of their animals, creating partnerships, and preparing for wars against (re)emerging zoonotic diseases. Ethiopia is the leading African country in livestock population. Moreover, pastoralism is widely practiced and there is close contacts of livestock with humans, consumption of raw animal products coupled with poor sanitation is quite common. Consequently, zoonotic diseases such as rabies, anthrax, tuberculosis and brucellosis are common and pose risks to public health. Apart from these, other diseases which are mainly transmitted from person to person also circulate in animals or have an animal reservoir, and can cause serious health emergencies, such as the recent epidemic of Ebola virus. These risks increase with globalization, climate change and changes in human behavior, giving pathogens numerous opportunities to colonize new territories and evolve into new forms.

Quick Facts about Zoonotic Diseases

- At least 60% of human infectious disease agents are zoonotic -can be acquired from other animal species.
- At least 75% of emerging infectious diseases have been zoonotic (transmitted between humans and other animals) including Rabies, Anthrax, Brucellosis, Leptospirosis, and Tuberculosis.
- The concept of one health is not new but its current holistic and collaborative approach is supported by many human and animal organizations such as the American Medical Association and the American Veterinary Medical Association, CDC, International One Health Congress e.t.c.